Thus, producing more oil but using less fresh water to do it, said Lunn, adding the company has switched to saline (brackish) groundwater and new plants are being designed to use as little fresh water as possible.
only take Cold Lake groundwater if the lake not available, such as during the drought in 2000 or during this year pipeline repairs, he said, adding groundwater levels recover once the pumping stops.
largest source is recycled produced water. We just recycle (it) over and over again, Lunn New Balance Ladies Sneakers noted.
Nabiye, the company newest Cold Lake plant, will be able to run without using fresh water, and Imperial is looking at technologies to make that situation even better, he told the audience.
almost two trillion barrels of oil in Alberta three deposits, Dr. Stuart Lunn told those gathered at the Imperial Oil Neighbour Night Nov. 14 at the Field House.
´╗┐Imperial uses less fresh water than before
turns to steam, which is injected into the reservoir, heating the oil before it is pumped to the surface, said Lunn. The water is pumped to the surface as well and is New Balance Dark Blue Women
Productivity, defined as the amount of fresh water needed to produce one barrel of New Balance Shoes Pink
Water is heated until it New Balance All Black Sneakers
oil, improved 90 per cent since 1985 to 0.32 units of fresh water per unit of oil, said Lunn.
Of that amount, 169 billion barrels are economic to recover, but 80 per cent of those resources have to be recovered in situ, necessitating water use from sources such as recycled tailings water, the Athabasca River, surface water runoff and groundwater.
When it comes to fresh water use, Imperial Oil uses less than before, according to the firm senior environmental advisor.
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